Massive dam threatens Egypt’s part of Nile

Updated 1056 GMT (1856 HKT) October 21, 2018

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(CNN)Look at Egypt on Google Earth and you will see a green line snaking through a sand-colored landscape, fanning out into a triangle in the north.

The Nile River provides Egypt with around three quarters of its water. As well as being a vital resource, the river plays an important role in Egypts culture and sense of identity. The Nile River provides Egypt with around three quarters of its water. As well as being a vital resource, the river plays an important role in Egypts culture and sense of identity. Once finished, Ethiopias new dam will be the largest in Africa, measuring 1,800 meters (1.1 miles) in length and 155 meters (508 feet) high.Once finished, Ethiopias new dam will be the largest in Africa, measuring 1,800 meters (1.1 miles) in length and 155 meters (508 feet) high.The dams reservoir will be large enough to hold 74 billion cubic meters of water. It will be used to generate 6,000 megawatts of electricity a year. Egypts fear is that the dam puts control of the Niles flow into Ethiopias hands, and may lead to a reduction in available water.The dams reservoir will be large enough to hold 74 billion cubic meters of water. It will be used to generate 6,000 megawatts of electricity a year. Egypts fear is that the dam puts control of the Niles flow into Ethiopias hands, and may lead to a reduction in available water.Canals and irrigation ditches cut into the sides of the River Nile provide Egypt with its only fertile land -- a green strip of vegetation that lines the rivers banks.Canals and irrigation ditches cut into the sides of the River Nile provide Egypt with its only fertile land -- a green strip of vegetation that lines the rivers banks.Beyond the narrow strip of vegetation is a vast expanse of barren desert. Beyond the narrow strip of vegetation is a vast expanse of barren desert. As well as providing water for agriculture and domestic use, the Nile provides local fishermen with a livelihood. As well as providing water for agriculture and domestic use, the Nile provides local fishermen with a livelihood. Workers from mango farms in Egypts Giza Governorate travel home along the Nile by boat at the end of the day. Workers from mango farms in Egypts Giza Governorate travel home along the Nile by boat at the end of the day. These traditional wooden sailing boats, with their triangluar-shaped sails, have been cruising the River Nile for centuries.  These traditional wooden sailing boats, with their triangluar-shaped sails, have been cruising the River Nile for centuries.  Scarcity is not Egypts only water-related problem -- the deteriorating quality of the Niles water is also an issue. Garbage has piled up on the rivers banks in the village of Abou Shosha, 370 miles south of Cairo .Scarcity is not Egypts only water-related problem -- the deteriorating quality of the Niles water is also an issue. Garbage has piled up on the rivers banks in the village of Abou Shosha, 370 miles south of Cairo .Egypts own very large dam -- the High Aswan Dam -- was built between 1960 and 1970. Egypts own very large dam -- the High Aswan Dam -- was built between 1960 and 1970. Egypt River Nile_IME_5Great Ethiopian Rennaissance Dam_IME_3Great Ethiopian Rennaissance Dam_IME_4Egypt River Nile_IME_802 Ethiopia new dam threatens Egypts waterEgypt River Nile_IME_9Egypt River Nile_IME_1Egypt River Nile_IME_6Egypt River Nile_IME_404 Ethiopia new dam threatens Egypts water 100418

    The Blue Nile Falls -- located near the rivers source, Lake Tana in Ethiopia.The Blue Nile Falls -- located near the rivers source, Lake Tana in Ethiopia.

      Lake Victoria -- source of the White Nile.Lake Victoria -- source of the White Nile.

        The vast majority of Egypts population live along the banks of the Nile and around its delta.The vast majority of Egypts population live along the banks of the Nile and around its delta.

          The Abu Simbel temple complex -- seen here in 1960 -- had to be relocated when the High Aswan Dam was constructed. The Abu Simbel temple complex -- seen here in 1960 -- had to be relocated when the High Aswan Dam was constructed. The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam under construction in 2015.The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam under construction in 2015.

Article source: http://rss.cnn.com/~r/rss/edition_world/~3/WbyqoqhjPc8/index.html

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